WRITERS OF TRADITION ANGLOSAJONA AND PROTESTANT RECOGNIZE IN THE BIBLE A FUNDAMENTAL BOOK OF THEIR TRAINING AND FIT THEIR LITERARY VALUE TO HOMERO, DANTE, SHAKESPEARE AND OTHER CLASSICS. FOR THE DRAMATIC, EPIC AND LYRIC ASPECTS, FOR THE WEALTH OF ITS CHARACTERS AND ... BECAUSE IT IS ESSENTIAL TO FOLLOW WESTERN ART TO ADVANCED MODERNITY, IN ADDITION TO A RELIGIOUS BOOK, IT IS AN UNFORGETTABLE BOOK OF CULTURE.
This relief in stone represents the King David, who was a shepherd and killed Goliath and inspired the giant sculpture of Michelangelo (more than 4 m height) before becoming king of Israel. It is a recurring theme in Christian iconography and this work of stylized beauty, typical of the advanced Romanesque, is in the Puerta de las Platerías of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.
its stylistic features, at a time when most of the art is unknown to its authors, is attributed to the so-called master Esteban, who also worked in Leon and elsewhere. It is a Romanesque of transition to the Gothic, and although it conserves characteristics peculiar to the first European international style - like the predominance of the two-dimensionality -, the Romanesque antinaturalismo is already softened in the proportions by the humanistic current that extended by the West towards Century XII.
King David is seated on the throne playing a stringed musical instrument; was the king-poet who composed psalms, and sang them accompanied by music. Among his psalms, there is one well-known, of a beauty apparently serene but passionate and intense in reality:SALMO XXIII Yahweh is my shepherd, I need nothing.
He leads me to quiet fountains,
honoring his name.
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You prepare a table before me, in the sight of my enemies;
you perfumes my head, and my cup overflows.
Kindness and love accompany me to all days of my life
and I will dwell in the house of Yahweh for an endless number of days.
3 .- VERONÉS The same theme treated by the Venetian painter a century later. Prado Museum. David and his son Solomon lived towards the twelfth century King Solomon inherited, according to tradition, the sensitivity of his father, and he composed that summit of the mystic eroticism that is THE CANTAR OF THE CANTARES < /strong>. As also according to tradition, Solomon and the Queen of Sheba had a loving relationship can be ventured that perhaps referred to it when the poem is addressed to the bride or wife. The encounter of both is the theme of one of the frescoes of Arezzo by Piero della Francesca . In this representation the painter who had been born in the confines of the birthplace of the Renaissance, in the same place where the mathematician Luca Pacioli, Borgo San Sepolcro, shows his knowledge and interest by the mathematical perspective and by the geometry that underlies the forms and creates a visually coherent space in which monumental and solemn figures are moved with gravity in a grandiose and stripped style that made the cubists admire him and consider him so close.
If the poem were dedicated to the Queen of Sheba and did not express something much deeper as some believe, the mystical weddings between Yahweh and Israel, the following verses could be said by herself which, according to tradition, was queen of Ethiopia:CANTAR DE CANTARES [-] I am brunette but beautiful, > like the shops of Quedar,
like the canvases of Salma.
Do not look at me I'm dark: the sun has burned me.
My brothers were angry with me,
they put me to save the vineyards
and my vineyard I did not know to save!
Tell me love of my soul,
where you feed the herd,
where you sestea at noon,
not to walk like this lost
after the herds of your companions [-] HÄNDEL. Solomon (overture)
P.D . archeology follows the steps of the queen of Saba long ago and in today's issue, 23/11/08 XLSemanal magazine, in p.66 is a report: We travel to Ethiopia after the footsteps of the Queen of Sheba and the Ark of the Covenant . In it is used the figure of the Queen of Saba by Piero della Francesca used here and among other interesting things to say "The story begins when the young Makeda (named after the queen of Saba), sovereign of a kingdom situated between the current Yemen and Ethiopia, decided to visit the court of King Solomon in the land of Israel, to meet with the king of kings, who was 20 years her senior, converted to Judaism, and gave birth to a son of his.Many generations later , towards the fourth century AD, most of the descendants of Solomon and of the queen of Sheba, save the falashas adopted Byzantine Christianity, but retained numerous links with ancient Judaism.