Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, commonly called pink , cayenne , , hibiscus , among other names, is a evergreen shrub of the Malvaceae family, originating in East Asia.
This species forms a shrub or small tree between 2.5 and 5 m in height. The leaves are bright green, petiolate, wide, ovate to lanceolate with edges jagged irregularly.
The flowers are large, with five petals - in simple varieties - 6 to 12 cm long. The stamens are arranged in a columnar shape protruding from the corolla. There are numerous cultivars, varieties and hybrids, with a wide range of colors from pure white, yellow, orange, red, scarlet and pink tints, with single or double flowers (ie with double petals).
It is grown as an ornamental plant in the tropics and subtropics.
Some parts of the plant are edible. The tender leaves can be used as a substitute for spinach, the flowers are consumed raw or cooked, they are also used as a colorant giving a purple touch to the dishes. The root is also edible, although of little flavor, very fibrous and mucilaginous texture.
In Chinese medicine are attributed antispasmodic properties, analgesic, astringent, mildly laxative, emenagogas, antirritantes. It also has cosmetic uses.
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p> It is the national flower of Malaysia (bunga raya in Malay language).
Certain species of hibiscus are symbols of the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and the US state of Hawaii.
In Colombia is also the flower of Barranquilla, Girardot and Barrancabermeja. It is a flower of the Mexican state of Tabasco, the Venezuelan state of Zulia, the municipality of Antonio José de Sucre (Socopó) and Montalbán parish in Venezuela.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis was described by Carlos Linnaeus and published in Species Plantarum 2: 694.Hibiscus: generic name derived from the Greek word: βίσκος [bískos], which was the name given by Dioscorides (40-90 BC) to Althaea officinalis .
Detail of the stigma of a cayenne, which has a sicaric gynoecium.
Hibiscus rosasinensis sheet .